A guide to the most popular fabrics

This is a new type of a fabric guide: well structured, practical and visual. It was started as notes for my self-education about fabrics. After many hours of laborious information gathering, I decided to share my knowledge with everyone interested in fashion business, apparel marketing, and sewing.

 

Every article about a fabric contains definition, images and the following fabric characteristics:

weave – weave, yarns and finishing;

fiber  – fiber content;

fabric face – fabric surface;

Fabric design – typical colors & prints;

hand – fabric hand;

 

fabric drape – drapability;

fabric weight- fabric weight;

Sewing – basic sewing & care instructions;

match- similar fabrics;

1450287811_071- usage.

 

 

I hope it will be useful for anyone who wants to learn the textile basics.

 

Part I. Woven Fabrics

 

The woven fabrics are made on a loom by interlacing yarns. A loom holds the yarns going down the length of the fabrics and cold warp. Filling threads cold weft are woven through them and go across the width of the fabric.

The appearance of the fabric depends mainly on yarns used, a weave structure and finishing. There are three types of basic weave structures, and also variations and additions to them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Broadcloth

Broadcloth fabric

Cotton, wool

Plain weave

Shirtings, summer wear

Brocade

brocade fabric

Often silk

Brocading weave

Interior; evening and formal wear

Calico

Calico fabric

Cotton

Plain weave

Practice wear

 

 

Cambric

cambric fabric

Cotton, linen

Plain weave

Linens, shirtings

Canvas

natural canvas fabric

Cotton, linen

Plain weave

Outdoors, shoes, handbags, backpacks, tents

Challis

wool challis fabric

Cotton, silk, wool, rayon, blends

Plain weave

Dresses, blouses, comforters, sportswear

 

 

 

Chambray

chambrey

Cotton

Plain weave

Casual wear

Charvet

Charvet Fabric

Silk, rayon, or acetate

Plain weave

Тies and scarves

Cheesecloth

Cheesecloth

Cotton

Plain open weave

Medicine, food

 

 

 

Chiffon

Chiffon fabric

Poliester, cotton, silk, rayon

Plain open weave

Evening wears,  blouses, lingerie

Corduroy

Сorduroy fabric

Cotton

Twill weave

Casual wear

Crepe

crepe fabric

Often silk or cotton, also wool or synthetic fiber

Suiting, skirts, pants, jackets, underwear

 

 

 

Damask

Damask fabric

Silk, wool, linen, cotton, rayon or synthetic fibres

Mostly satin weave

Mid-to-high-quality garments; interrior

Denim

Denim fabric

Cotton

Twill weave

Casual wear

Dobby

Dobbi Fabric

___

Satin ground and dobby pattern upon

Shirtings

 

 

 

Dupioni

dupioni fabric

Silk, rayon, poliester

Plain weave

Evening, bridal wear; interrior

 

 

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